Kawamoto, T.(川本 大史), Michiru, A. (荒木 満瑠), & Ura, M. (浦 光博) (2013). When a smile changes into evil: Pitfalls of smiles following social exclusion. International Journal of Psychological Studies, 5(3), 21-27. doi: 10.5539/ijps. v5n3p21
People have a fundamental and a critical need to belong. Social exclusion impairs this need and rejected individuals must seek to regain acceptance from others. It is known that such individuals show an increased preference for smiles. On the other hand, social exclusion sometimes leads to aggression. It is possible that this contradiction is modulated by acceptance and the level of control, such that prosocial behavior occurs in response to evidence of social affirmation, whereas aggression increases in response to reductions in the level of control. However, little is known about the impact of smiles without social affirmation, or the interaction between the effects of smiles and the level of control. In this study, we investigated the effects of such smiles by manipulating an excluder’s facial expressions (i.e., neutral and smiling faces) and similarity to the participant (i.e., level of control). We hypothesized that smiling excluders that are similar to the participant would increase aggression in the participant, presumably because being rejected by a similar partner reduces the level of control. In support of our hypothesis, results indicated that when excluders smiled, increased aggression was directed at those excluders that were similar to the participant. Our findings imply that a smile of an excluder directed at the person being excluded is one of the risk factors for aggressive behaviors in the excluded person.
Fujiwara, K. (藤原 健) & Daibo, I. (大坊郁夫) (2014). The extraction of nonverbal behaviors: Using video images and speech-signal analysis in dyadic conversation. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 1-12.
Ishii, I. (石井健一) (2013). Nationalism and preferences for domestic and foreign animation programmes in China. International Communication Gazette, 75(2), 225-245. doi: 10.1177/1748048512459148
Simunovic, D., Mifune, N.（三船恒裕）, & Yamagishi, T.（山岸俊男） (2013). Preemptive strike: An experimental study of fear-based aggression. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49(6), 1120-1123. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2013.08.003
Yamagishi, T. （山岸俊男） (2013). Reply to Egloff et al.: On the relationship between positive and negative reciprocity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110 (9): E787. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1222349110
Hashimoto, H.（橋本博文）, & Yamagishi, T.（山岸俊男） (2013). Two faces of interdependence: Harmony seeking and rejection avoidance. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 16(2), 142-151. doi: 10.1111/ajsp.12022
Ando, J., Fujisawa, K., Shikishima, C.（敷島千鶴）, Hiraishi, K.（平石界）, Nozaki, M.,Yamagata, S.（山形伸二）, Takahashi, Y., Ozaki, K., Suzuki, K., Deno, M., Sasaki, S., Toda, T., Kobayashi, K., Sugimoto, Y., Okada, M., Kijima, N., Ono, Y., Yoshimura, K., Kakihana, S., Maekawa, H., Kamakura, T., Nonaka, K., Kato, N., & Ooki, S. (2013). Two Cohort and Three Independent Anonymous Twin Projects at the Keio Twin Research Center (KoTReC). Twin Research and Human Genetics, 16, 202-216.
Shikishima, C.（敷島千鶴）, Hiraishi, K.（平石界）. Yamagata, S.（山形伸二）, Neiderhiser, J.M. & Ando, J. (2013). Culture Moderates the Genetic and Environmental Etiologies of Parenting: A Cultural Behavior Genetic Approach. Social Psychological & Personality Science, 4(4), 434-444. doi:10.1177/1948550612460058
Kikuchi, H., Mifune, N.（三船恒裕）, Niino, M., Kira, J., Kohriyama, T., Ota, K., Tanaka, M., Ochi, H., Nakane, S., & Kikuchi, S. (2013). Structural equation modeling of factors contributing to quality of life in Japanese patients with multiple sclerosis. BMC Neurology, 13(10), 1-9.
Park,J., Haslam,N., Shimizu, H.(清水裕士), Kashima, Y., and Uchida, Y.(内田由紀子). (2013). More Human Than Others, but Not Always Better: The Robustness of Self-Humanizing Across Cultures and Interpersonal Comparisons. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44, 671-683. doi:10.1177/0022022113485429
Ikeda K.(池田謙一), Richey, S., & Teresi, H. (2013). Browsing Alone: The Differential Impact of Internet Platforms on Political Participation. Japanese Journal of Political Science, 14(3), 305-319. doi:10.1017/S1468109913000121
We research the political impact of how users access the Internet. Recent research suggests that Internet usage may promote political participation. Internet usage is proposed to be beneficial because it increases activity in diverse politicized social networks and through greater access to information. Even though Internet usage may begin as a non-political activity, we outline several reasons to believe that it may spark later political participation. This impact, however, is likely to be non-existent in new forms of Internet browsing such as through mobile phones, where users do less fullscale browsing. Themore difficult browsing interface ofmobilephones reduces activity in chat rooms and in-depth browsing of online sources of information which promote participation. To test these ideas, we use nationally representative survey data from Japan, a country which has more pronounced usage of mobile phone browsing. Using a Seemingly Unrelated Regression Model, we also show that the chief determinants of using PC’s over mobile phones for Internet browsing are age and education. We then show that PC-based Internet activity correlates with increased political participation, but mobile phone usage correlates with less participation.
Ikeda, K.(池田謙一) (2013). Social and institutional trust in East and Southeast Asia. Taiwan Journal of Democracy, 9(1), 13-45.
Yoshida, T., Gotoh, T., Tomizawa, N., & Ikeda, K.（池田謙一） (2013). Snowball sampling consumer behaviour research to characterize| the influence of market mavens on social networks. International Journal of Intelligent Systems Technologies and Applications, 12(3/4), 268-282.
Takagi, D.（高木大資）, Kondo, K., Kondo, N., Cable, N., Ikeda, K.（池田謙一）, & Kawachi, I. (2013). Social disorganization / social fragmentation and risk of depression among older people in Japan: Multilevel investigation of indices of social distance. Social Science & Medicine, 83, 81-89. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.01.001.
Kobayashi, T.（小林哲郎）, Okada, H., Cooharojananone, N., Bracamonte, V., & Suzuki, T. (forthcoming). How can electronic commerce in developing countries attract users from developedcountries? A comparative study of Thailand and Japan. International Journal of Electronic Commerce Studies.
A comparative study of Thailand and Japan investigated how electronic commerce (EC) in developing countries can be used to attract customers from developedcountries. Thai and Japanese participants were shown language-appropriate versions of a hotel booking website in Thailand. Perceptions of and trust in the website were assessed, as was the willingness to book a room in the hotel using the website. The Thai participants tended to evaluate the quality of the website more highly and to trust it more than did the Japanese participants. Furthermore, the Thai participants tended to think that the hotel was more responsible for their hotel reservations than was the EC service, and that the content of the website was developed by the hotel rather than by the EC service. Thai participants were more likely to express willingness to reserve a room if they thought that the hotel had developed the website content, whereas the Japanese participants’ willingness to book a room were greater when they thought that the EC service had developed the content. Based on these results, customization strategies for EC in developing countries to attract customers from developed countries are discussed.
Yamane, S., Takahashi, T.（高橋泰城）, Kamesaka, A., Tsutsui, Y., & Ohtake, F. (2013). Socio-emotional status, education, and time-discounting in Japanese non-smoking population: A multi-generational study. Psychology, 4(2), 124-132. doi:10.4236/psych.2013.42018
Masui, K.（増井啓太）, Fujiwara, H., & Ura, M.（浦光博） (2013). Social exclusion mediates the relationship between psychopathy and aggressive humor style in noninstitutionalized young adults. Personality and Individual Differences, 55(2), 180-184. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2013.03.001
Yuki, M.（結城雅樹）, Sato, K.（佐藤剛介）, Takemura, K.（竹村幸祐）, & Oishi, S. (2013). Social ecology moderates the association between self-esteem and happiness. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49(4), 741-746. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2013.02.006
Oishi, S., Kesebir, S., Miao, F. F., Talhelm, T., Endo, Y.（遠藤由美）, Uchida, Y.（内田由紀子）, Shibanai, Y.（柴内康文）, & Norasakkunkit, V. (2013). Residential mobility increases motivation to expand social network: But why?. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49(2), 217-223. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2012.10.008
Yamagishi, T. （山岸俊男） (2013). Placing the action‐outcome contingency at the core of the situation. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 16(1), 22-25. doi:10.1111/ajsp.12015
Comments on an article by Michael Harris Bond (see record 2013-04015-001), who, in analyzing the original formula by Lewin, viz., B = f(P.S), first considers the importance accorded the situation in previous theorizing about ‘Asianness’, then analyzes the contributions of the actor’s personality. The current author states that Bond encourages Asian social psychologists to provide unique contributions to the development of social psychology by fully utilizing the insight provided by Kurt Lewin. This is because Asians are more sensitive than Westerners to the intricate influences that the situation has on their actions. Bond advises Asian psychologists to pay close attention to the role of the situation in theory building, rather than focusing more attention on the uniquely Asian psychological phenomena.
Yamagishi, T.（山岸俊男）, Mifune, N.（三船恒裕）, Li, Y.（李楊）, Shinada, M.（品田瑞穂）,Hashimoto, H.（橋本博文）, Horita, Y.（堀田結孝）, Miura, A.（三浦亜利紗）, Inukai, K.（犬飼佳吾）, Tanida, S.（谷田林士）, Kiyonari, T.（清成透子）, Takagishi, H.（高岸治人） &Simunovic, D. (2013). Is behavioral pro-sociality game-specific? Pro-social preference and expectations of pro-sociality. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 120(2), 260-271. doi: 10.1016/j.obhdp.2012.06.002
Olsson, L. E., Gärling, T., Ettema, D., Friman, M., & Fujii, S.（藤井聡） (2013). Happiness and satisfaction with work commute.
Nakashima, K.（中島健一郎）, Yanagisawa, K.（柳澤邦昭）, & Ura, M.（浦光博） (2013). Dissimilar effects of task‐relevant and interpersonal threat on independent–interdependent self‐construal in individuals with high self‐esteem. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 16(1), 50-59. doi:10.1111/j.1467-839X.2012.01386.x
Owe, E., Vignoles, V. L., Becker, M., Brown, R., Smith, P. B., Lee, S. S., & ... Yuki, M.（結城雅樹）, & ... Jalal, B. (2013). Contextualism as an important facet of individualism-collectivism: Personhood beliefs across 37 national groups. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44(1), 24-45. doi:10.1177/0022022111430255
Beliefs about personhood are understood to be a defining feature of individualism-collectivism (I-C), but they have been insufficiently explored, given the emphasis of research on values and self-construals. We propose the construct of contextualism, referring to beliefs about the importance of context in understanding people, as a facet of cultural collectivism. A brief measure was developed and refined across 19 nations (Study 1: N = 5,241), showing good psychometric properties for cross-cultural use and correlating well at the nation level with other supposed facets and indicators of I-C. In Study 2 (N = 8,652), nation-level contextualism predicted ingroup favoritism, corruption, and differential trust of ingroup and outgroup members, while controlling for other facets of I-C, across 35 nations. We conclude that contextualism is an important part of cultural collectivism. This highlights the importance of beliefs alongside values and self-representations and contributes to a wider understanding of cultural processes.
Park, J., Kitayama, S., Karasawa, M.（唐澤真弓）, Curhan, K., Markus, H. R., Kawakami, N., Miyamoto, Y.（宮本百合） & ... Ryff, C. D. (2013). Clarifying the links betweensocial support and health: Culture, stress, and neuroticismmatter. Journal of Health Psychology, 18(2), 226-235. doi:10.1177/1359105312439731
Although it is commonly assumed that social support positively predicts health, the empirical evidence has been inconsistent. We argue that three moderating factors must be considered: (1) support-approving norms (cultural context); (2) support-requiring situations (stressful events); and (3) support-accepting personal style (lowneuroticism). Our large-scale cross-cultural survey of Japanese and US adults found significant associations between perceived support and health. The association was more strongly evident among Japanese (from a support-approving cultural context) who reported high life stress (in a support-requiring situation). Moreover, the link between support and health was especially pronounced if these Japanese were low inneuroticism.
Jung, K. H. (鄭珪煕) (2016). Happiness as an Additional Antecedent of Schadenfreude. Journal of Positive Psychology. doi: 10.1080/17439760.2016.1173224
The current study examined whether dispositionally happy individuals feel less happiness when another person experiences a misfortune. Happy individuals are known to be less vulnerable to upward comparison information. In addition, schadenfreude is elicited by upward comparison targets (e.g. high achievers and tall poppies). Thus, it was assumed that happiness would decrease schadenfreude. The lower level of hostile feelings in happy individuals, which are elicited by threats to one’s person and inferiority heightened when confronted with a high achiever, was hypothesized to decrease schadenfreude. Studies 1 and 2 were conducted with scenario experiments, and the hypotheses were supported in both studies. Regression analyses revealed a significant direct effect of happiness on a reduction in schadenfreude. How not feeling schadenfreude when witness another person’s misfortune helps people maintain and/or increase their happiness is discussed.
*Kase, T.（嘉瀬貴祥）, Endo, S., & Oishi, K. (2016). Process linking social support to mental health through a sense of coherence in Japanese university students. Mental Health & Prevention. doi: 10.1016/j.mhp.2016.05.00
Tsuboya, T., Aida, J., *Hikichi, H.（引地博之）, Subramanian, SV., Kondo, K., Osaka, K., & Kawachi, I. (2016). Predictors of depressive symptoms following the Great East Japan earthquake: A prospective study. Social Science & Medicine. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.05.026
*Schug, J.（シューグ・ジョアンナ）, *Takagishi, H.（高岸治人）, Benech, C., & Okada, H. (2016). The development of theory of mind and positive and negative reciprocity in preschool children. Frontiers in Psychology. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00888