Ishii, & Uchida (2016)

Ishii, K. (石井敬子) & Uchida, Y. (内田由紀子) (2016).
Japanese Youth Marginalization Decreases Interdependent Orientation.
Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 47(3), 376-384.
doi: 10.1177/0022022115621969
Under the influences of globalization and a long recession, there is an increasing population of marginalized Japanese youth referred to as NEET (Not in Employment, Education, or Training). Past studies have suggested that the social withdrawal of these individuals is a manifestation of a denial of the dominant cultural value of interdependence and a lack of motivation to adhere to it. To present additional evidence, this study addressed the cognitive and emotional consequences of NEET tendencies by examining interdependent orientation measured by one’s desire to engage in social activities (Study 1) and spontaneous attention to vocal tone (Study 2). As expected, an increase of NEET tendencies was associated with a lower desire to engage in social activities and a reduced attention to vocal tone. These results suggest that NEET tendencies decrease interdependent orientation in the Japanese cultural context.