Shinada, M.（品田瑞穂）, & Yamagishi, T.（山岸俊男） (2014). Attractiveness and cooperation in a prisoner’s dilemma game. 囚人のジレンマゲームにおける魅力度と協力行動 Evolution and Human Behavior, 35(6), 451-455. doi: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2014.06.003
The modulating role of age on the relationship between physical attractiveness and cooperativeness in a prisoner’s dilemma game (PDG) was investigated. Previous studies have shown that physical attractiveness is negatively related to cooperative choices among young men but not young women. Following the argument that the negative relationship between physical attractiveness and cooperation is a product of short-term mating strategies among attractive men, we predicted that this relationship is unique to young men and absent among women and older men. We tested this hypothesis with 175 participants (aged 22–69 years). The results showed that physical attractiveness was negatively related to cooperative behavior among young men but not among women or older men. We further observed that the negative relationship between physical attractiveness and cooperation among young men was particularly strong when attractiveness was judged by women.