Tabuchi, M.（田渕恵）, Nakagawa, T., Miura, A.（三浦麻子）, & Gondo, Y. (2015). Generativity and Interaction between the Old and Young: The Role of Perceived Respect and Perceived Reject. The Gerontologist. First published online: November 22, 2013 doi: 10.1093/geront/gnt135
Purpose of the Study: We examined the relationships among development ofgenerativity, generative acts, and psychological well-being in old age and the possible mediating effects of perceived rejection and respect from younger generations. We hypothesized that generative action would not lead to well-being unless responding elders perceived respect from younger generations, and, further, that perceived respect would predict the development of generativity.
Design and Methods: In Study 1, we sampled 252 older persons to verify our hypothetical model in a cross-sectional survey. We assessed generative concern, generative action, perceived rejection from younger people, and psychological well-being. In Study 2, the same measures and a new scale to measure perceived respect from younger people were administered in a longitudinal survey. Four hundred older adults responded at two time points 12 months apart.
Results: Path analysis showed that the effect of generative action on ill-being was mediated by perceived rejection and respect from younger generations. Perceived respect from younger generations at baseline predicted an increase in generative concern 12 months later.
Implications: The results suggest that positive intergenerational interaction leads togenerativity development and better well-being in old age.